Ventral: Pertaining to the front or anterior of any structure. The ventral surfaces of the body include the chest, abdomen, shins, palms, and soles. Ventral is as opposed to dorsal. From the Latin "venter" meaning belly.
Which is dorsal and ventral?
On a human body, dorsal (i.e., posterior) refers to the back portion of the body, whereas ventral (i.e., anterior) refers to the front part of the body.For example, the stomach is ventral to the spinal cord, which means that the stomach is located in front of the spinal cord.
What is the ventral surface called in animals?
The adjective ventral refers to the area on the body in the lower front, around the stomach area. The ventral area of anything, plant or animal, is its underside. In directional terms, the ventral side is the area forward from (or under) the spinal cord.
What does ventral mean in medical terminology?
Medical Definition of ventral 1 : of or relating to the belly : abdominal. 2a : being or located near, on, or toward the lower surface of an animal (as a quadruped) opposite the back or dorsal surface. b : being or located near, on, or toward the front or anterior part of the human body.
What is the definition of ventral in anatomy?
Directional Terms Anterior or ventral - front (example, the kneecap is located on the anterior side of the leg). Posterior or dorsal - back (example, the shoulder blades are located on the posterior side of the body).
Does ventral mean below?
of or relating to the venter or belly; abdominal. situated on or toward the lower, abdominal plane of the body; equivalent to the front, or anterior, in humans.
Does ventral mean up?
The adjective ventral refers to the area on the body in the lower front, around the stomach area. The ventral fin on a fish is the one on its belly. The ventral area of anything, plant or animal, is its underside. In directional terms, the ventral side is the area forward from (or under) the spinal cord.
What is a synonym for ventral?
In this page you can discover 14 synonyms, antonyms, idiomatic expressions, and related words for ventral, like: adaxial, abaxial, dorsal, occipital, putamen, rostral, peduncle, caudal, dorsomedial, parietal and cortex.
What is the opposite of ventral?
Ventral is an adjective with the meanings: Directed toward or situated on the belly surface of, or anterior aspect of, the body; pertaining to the part or location opposite the anatomic back. Example: the ventral wall of the heart. The opposite of ventral is dorsal.
What is the difference between anterior and ventral?
These terms are essential for describing the relative locations of different body structures.Anterior (or ventral) Describes the front or direction toward the front of the body. The toes are anterior to the foot. Posterior (or dorsal) Describes the back or direction toward the back of the body.
What is another word for anterior?
Some common synonyms of anterior are antecedent, foregoing, former, preceding, previous, and prior. While all these words mean "being before," anterior applies to position before or ahead of usually in space, sometimes in time or order.
Is the liver dorsal or ventral to the stomach?
The liver is the second largest (after the skin) organ in the human body and the largest gland (weighing an average of 1500 g). It lies under the diaphragm in the right upper abdomen and midabdomen and extends to the left upper abdomen.
Is the brain dorsal or ventral?
Ventral refers to the inferior region of the brain, while dorsal refers to the superior region (towards the scalp).
Is dorsal a top or bottom?
The dorsal (from Latin dorsum 'back') surface of an organism refers to the back, or upper side, of an organism. If talking about the skull, the dorsal side is the top. The ventral (from Latin venter 'belly') surface refers to the front, or lower side, of an organism.
Which structure is the most ventral?
The most ventral midline structure at this level is the dense corticospinal tracts that form the pyramidal tract. The nuclei at the dorsolateral part of the medulla have (arranged from medial to lateral) the posterior (dorsal) vagal, solitary, medial vestibular, and cuneate nuclei.
What is visible on the ventral surface of the brain?
At the most central aspect of the ventral surface of the forebrain is the optic chiasm, and immediately posterior, the ventral surface of the hypothalamus, including the infundibular stalk (the base of pituitary gland) and the mammillary bodies.